What is transcription? The question what is transcription is often asked. Transcription is the process of converting speech into a typed form format. A typist transcribes a voice recording and this is presented in the form of a transcript. So what can be transcribed? All forms of voice recordings can be transcribed – from single speaker dictation through to one-to-one interviews and multiple participant focus groups – what is said can be captured in print form easily through the use of a digital recorder and specialist transcription equipment.